Importance of Judiciary in India

Indian Judiciary is one of the strongest and most heterogeneous in the world. It is one of the three power pillars of the Constitution of India, the other two being legislature and executive. The Judiciary works completely independent of the other two branches and is responsible for safeguarding the fundamental rights of citizens. It has the power to make legal decisions and enforce laws in the country.

Indian Judicial system

On 26th January 1950, the constitution of India came into force. The world’s lengthiest written constitution affirms the Supreme Court as the final court of appeal in the country. Under the highest court, there are 24 High Courts across the country, responsible for law enforcement in one or more states and union territories. District Courts, Sessions Courts, and Munsiff Courts work at the local level to administer justice in villages and towns of the country.

When the Supreme Court declares a law, it becomes binding on not only all other courts in the country but also the central and state governments. Article 142 of the Indian constitution states that itis the duty of the country’s president to effectuate the dictums of the premier court.

Importance of Judiciary

Judiciary is an important aspect of Indian democracy. The motto of India’s Supreme Court is “यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः॥” (Yato Dharmastato Jayah), meaning where there is Dharma, there is victory. The Judicial system of India ensures that nobody is deprived of justice. At times, courts direct the union and state governments on various matters related to law implementation in public welfare.

“Being a young and vibrant democracy, India is blessed with an integrated judicial system, ideal for a federal system of government. The Judiciary is the guardian of the constitution,” says an industry expert at Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, New Law College in Pune.

The credibility of the Indian judicial system reflects in the fact that the courts are free to conduct open trials and give full opportunity to the accused for defending himself or herself. In addition, poor people are provided legal aid by the government as well.

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